LING-214 Phonology
Fall for 2010-2011
Section 01 Course Description:

1. Introduction: Welcome to Phonology:

2. Aim and Purpose of the course
a. Separate phonology from phonetics
b. Different systems of phonological analysis
c. Formalization of phonological statements about language

3. Methods and Procedures
a. lecture and discussion
b. phonetic data analysis
c. formal presentation of solution
d. discussion

4. Phonological approaches
a. how to characterize the sound pattern of a language
b. how to capture the general pattern
C. how to formalize these patterns using acceptable formal notation
d. classical phonemic analysis
e. classical generative school analysis
f. more recent approaches to phonological analysis

5. Apportioning of time to each approach:
The major bulk of the course will be on generative phonology, with phonemic dealt with in the beginning of course, and autosegmental and others towards the end of the course.

6. Individual projects: Each student will be expected to do a phonemic analysis of an aspect of a language of his/her choice based on collected data from a native speaker of the language. A presentation of the results will be made to the class at the end of the semester.

7. Requirements : As is the practice in such a course, doing phonemic analysis will be a constant in the course. Each class will have a limited set of phonetic data to be analyzed with a solution proposed and handed in for evaluation . These exercises must be turned in on time.
Homework: may be individual or a group effort.
Exam: Most if not all exams will be take-home exams.

David Odden. 2005 . Introducing Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: Ling 001 (Introduction to Language) Required, Ling 213 (Phonetics) Strongly recommended


LING-214-02 Phonology
Fall for 2010-2011
Phonology is the study of the sounds of language, viewed as the interacting components of a social and cognitive system. We begin with a brief review of articulatory phonetics: the study of how speech sounds are physically created by the vocal tract. With that background in place, we move on to address some of the central issues and questions of phonological theory:
• Contrast: How do languages organize sounds to distinguish different meanings?
• Phonotactics: What sorts of restrictions do languages put on sequences of sounds?
• Alternation: What sorts of changes do sounds undergo if sequences arise that don't obey the restrictions?
• Prosody and suprasegmentals: How are speech sounds organized into larger units?
• Language change and variation: How do languages change in the individual over time (acquisition), in social groups over time (diachrony), and across social groups, individuals, and instances (variation)?
• Abstraction: How different can phonology and phonetics be?
• Formalism: What representations and formal tools best capture phonological generalizations?

The format of the course is very hands-on, with extensive exposure to primary data and practice with problem solving. At the end of the course, you should:
• be familiar with the phonological contrasts and processes common in the languages of the world;
• be proficient with a number of notational devices (transcriptions, rules, constraints, tiers) with which you can analyze linguistic data;
• have gained an understanding of the central questions of phonological theory (see above), and the various answers that have been proposed;
• be familiar with the names and contributions of the major contributors to the field;
• be prepared to continue with more specialized study.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: Ling 001 (Introduction to Language) Required, Ling 213 (Phonetics) Strongly recommended
More information
Look for this course in the schedule of classes.

The academic department web site for this program may provide other details about this course.